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Types of Bone Grafts after Oral Cancer Surgery

Bone grafts

There are several types of bone grafts that can be used after oral cancer surgery. These are made from different types of tissue, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. This blog will take a deeper look at the different types of grafts, including how they are made, what they are used for and possible side effects. We’ll also discuss the different types of oral cancer surgery, and how each one can be used to treat different types of cancer.

Bone grafts

When a person undergoes oral cancer surgery, the surgeon will use a graft to fill in any gaps left in the jawbone. Tissue grafts are made from cartilage, bone, or skin and are put in the empty space created by the tumour removal. The graft is then allowed to heal before it is restored with a permanent implant such as dental implants or a bone reconstruction plate .



An autologous graft is made from your own tissue. Your doctor a piece of bone from a part of the body used in the surgery. The graft shaped and inserted into the mouth, where it will grow and develop as your mouth heals.


Allografts are grafts from tissue from a donor. It is a good option for use during oral cancer surgery because it is easy to get. However, there can be complications due to an immune response because this tissue will not belong to the patient.

Alloplastic Materials

Bone grafts made from alloplastic materials are the most common type. These materials include titanium and synthetic substances like hydroxyapatite.

The advantages to alloplastic bone grafts is that they used for many different types of surgery, and are often the best option for patients who had surgery in the area being grafted. They also offer a more stable and reliable source of bone, which is what makes them so popular.

The disadvantages to these types of grafts is that they may not always be as strong as other options, and they require a healing period.


These grafts are made from a variety of tissues, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. Osteo-osteointegration is a newer type of bone graft that can be used after oral cancer surgery. It’s made from the patient’s healthy bone and harvested before surgery by cutting into small blocks. These blocks are then inserted in the area where the tumor was removed to help regenerate lost bone tissue.

Bone graft in upper jaw

Osteo-osteointegration is shown to be more successful than other types of bone graft because it removes the need for a donor site (donor site being an area where tissue is taken). This means that there is no need for the patient to have another surgery to obtain new healthy tissue. Osteo-osteointegration, like all other types of bone grafts, does come with some possible side effects. Patients could experience difficulty swallowing or chewing as well as dizziness or vertigo.

 Osteochondral Allografts

Osteochondral allografts made from the femoral condyle of a cadaver. They are used to replace missing bone and joints in the jaws. They when bone loss is more than half the size of the joint. This type of graft has a low incidence rate for side effects, such as infection or poor blood flow.

Osteochondral Autograft

Osteochondral autografts are pieces of bone extract the patient’s pelvic bone. They are typically two pieces, called “plug grafts,” with each plug measuring about 4x2x2 cm. One plug to replace one section of bone in the jaw and the other plug is put into a cavity in the pelvis created by removing one or more pieces of pelvic bone. The plugs in these cavities without any fixation material, so that they can heal in place as part of the patient’s own skeleton.

The major disadvantage to using this graft is that it can take months for the bones to heal together. This healing time may lead to a longer recovery period for patients, but it also makes the insertion more stable and prevents new fractures from occurring.

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Pros and Cons of Bone Grafts in Oropharyngeal Cancer Surgery 

Bone grafting to reconstruct the jaws and palate after cancer surgery. With a variety of materials, but the most common types are autologous bone grafts or allografts. Autologous means that the graft from your own body and then transplanted back into your mouth, whereas an allograft is a graft from another person’s body.

There are many different types of grafts:

Autogenous Bone Graft: Autogenous bone grafts from one area of your own body and used for another area. They made from the patient’s rib or hipbone. There can be some problems with this type of transplant, such as possible rejection or infection.

Autogenous Bone Graft

Allogenic Bone Graft: Allogenic bone grafts by another person’s body and transplanted into your mouth. This type can have more complications than autogenous bone grafts because they do not originate in your own body, leading to rejection problems or differences in blood type incompatibility.

Allogenic Bone Graft

Osteoconductive Membrane: An osteoconductive membrane over an area removed during surgery to help promote new bone growth around where the tissue once was. This membrane does not contain any cells but does work by providing a scaffold for new cells to grow on so that they can make their way down into the empty space left behind by surgery.

Osteoconductive Membrane

 Bone Grafts: Uses and Side Effects

They are made of either bioengineered or synthetic material. Bioengineered bone grafts made from a person’s own cells. Synthetic bone grafts are typically animal or human bone and are not considered to be as strong as bioengineered bone.

In the case of oral cancer surgery, the type of bone graft used is based on its purpose. For example, if the goal is to repair the jawbone, an autologous iliac crest bone graft would be appropriate. There may be some side effects with the use of a bone graft.

Bottom line

Bone grafts are tissue transplants to help with bone reconstruction. Made from different types of tissue, each with its own pros and cons. This blog will take a deeper look at the different types of grafts, including how they are made, what they are used for and possible side effects. We’ll also discuss the different types of oral cancer surgery, and how each one can be used to treat different types of cancer.

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