CosmognathicDental Consultation GuideOral & Maxillofacial Surgery

When to see an Oral Surgeon after Trauma

Dr Chirag Chamria Oral Surgeon

When it comes to dental trauma, time is of the essence. Whether it’s a knocked-out tooth, a fractured jaw, or a severe oral injury, seeking immediate care from an oral surgeon is crucial. Dr. Chirag Chamria, a renowned oral surgeon, sheds light on the urgency and importance of seeking professional help after experiencing oral trauma. With years of experience and expertise, Dr. Chamria emphasizes the significance of acting swiftly to preserve the health and functionality of your teeth and mouth. In this article, we will delve into the reasons why seeking an oral surgeon after trauma is vital, exploring the potential complications that can arise if left untreated. Dr. Chamria’s insights will not only help you understand the urgency of seeking professional care but also empower you with the knowledge to make informed decisions in times of dental emergencies.

Understanding Dental Trauma and its Impact

Dental trauma may damage the tooth and one’s oral health. A fall, sports accident, or blow to the face might harm teeth, gums, or other facial tissues. Dental trauma may range from modest chips and cracks to avulsed (knocked-out) teeth or root fractures. It damages teeth immediately. Fractures may damage a tooth’s look and expose its delicate inner layers to microorganisms, causing infections or abscesses. Trauma disrupts the tooth’s nerve supply, causing significant pain and sensitivity.

Beyond the immediate impact on the injured tooth, dental trauma can have far-reaching consequences. For instance, if the trauma isn’t addressed promptly, it may lead to complications such as:

Tooth Loss: Severe dental trauma can cause a tooth to become dislodged or knocked out completely. Without immediate intervention, the chances of saving and re-implanting the tooth diminish significantly.

Malocclusion: Trauma to the jaw or facial bones can lead to a misalignment of the bite, resulting in difficulty chewing, speaking, and potential long-term discomfort.

Dental Trauma
Dental Trauma

TMJ (Temporomandibular Joint) Issues: Facial trauma can affect the TMJ, the joint that connects the jaw to the skull. This may lead to pain, clicking, or restricted movement in the jaw.

Psychological Impact: Dental trauma can have emotional consequences, affecting an individual’s self-esteem and confidence. Changes in one’s smile may lead to self-consciousness, affecting social interactions and overall well-being.

Secondary Complications: If not treated promptly, dental trauma can lead to secondary issues, such as gum disease, nerve damage, or even cyst formation.

Steps to take after Dental Trauma | Oral Surgeon

Experiencing dental trauma can be a distressing and disorienting event, but knowing the first steps to take can make a significant difference in the outcome of the injury. Acting swiftly and calmly can help preserve the affected tooth and minimize potential complications. Here are the essential first steps to take after dental trauma:

Stay Calm: Dental trauma can be frightening, but it’s essential to remain as calm as possible. Take a few deep breaths to steady yourself and assess the situation.

Control Bleeding: If there is any bleeding from the mouth or gums, gently rinse your mouth with lukewarm water to remove blood and debris. Applying slight pressure to the injured area with a clean gauze or a piece of cloth can help control bleeding.

Preserve a Knocked-Out Tooth: Avoid touching avulsed tooth roots. Rinse a dirty tooth carefully. Insert the tooth if possible. If reinsertion fails, keep the tooth in milk, saline, or a tooth preservation kit. This may save the tooth till the dentist.

dental hygiene tooth loss
tooth loss

Address Pain and Swelling: Over-the-counter pain relievers like ibuprofen or acetaminophen can help alleviate pain and reduce inflammation. Applying a cold compress to the affected area can also help reduce swelling and discomfort.

Seek Immediate Dental Care: No of the damage, get expert dental treatment immediately. Inform your dentist or oral surgeon and make an emergency appointment. Urgent situations are often accommodated by dental offices, and immediate treatment improves outcomes.

Preserve Tooth Fragments: If the trauma results in a broken tooth, try to find and preserve any tooth fragments. These may be useful in the assessment and potential repair of the tooth.

Share this video with the ones above 55 to make them aware of the common cause of tooth loss and the prevention method.

Recognise Red Flags: When to seek care from Oral Surgeon

Severe Pain: Intense and persistent pain after dental trauma is a significant red flag. Pain that worsens or does not subside with over-the-counter pain relievers may indicate underlying issues, such as nerve damage or an infection.

Excessive Bleeding: If the bleeding from the mouth or gums is profuse and doesn’t seem to stop, it requires immediate attention. Uncontrolled bleeding may indicate damage to blood vessels or other serious injuries.

Fractured or Cracked Tooth: Significant fractures or cracks in a tooth can expose the sensitive inner layers, leading to pain and an increased risk of infection. Urgent care is necessary to prevent further damage and potential tooth loss.

Tooth pain
Tooth loss chronic pain

Swelling and Inflammation: Swelling in the mouth or facial area, especially when accompanied by pain and tenderness, may indicate an abscess or other serious conditions that require immediate attention.

Loose Teeth: Teeth that become loose following trauma may indicate damage to the supporting structures, such as the gums or jawbone, and require immediate evaluation.

Changes in Tooth Color: A change in the color of a tooth, particularly turning gray or dark, could indicate a compromised blood supply to the tooth and requires urgent assessment.

Jaw Pain or Dysfunction: Pain, tenderness, or difficulty moving the jaw after dental trauma may indicate injury to the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), necessitating urgent care and evaluation.

Cavities are your teeth’s biggest enemy. It starts with a small black mark and leads to complete damage.

Dr. Chirag Chamria’s expertise in Oral Surgery & Trauma

Dr. Chirag Chamria is a Certified Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon with extensive training in zygomatic implants, cosmetic dentistry, orthognathic surgery, full mouth and oral cancer rehabilitation. Royal Health Care Pvt Ltd is honored to have Dr Chirag as the Director & Maxillofacial Surgeon on board. As a Dental Surgeon, he is currently an attending Doctor at Royal Dental Clinics practising Oncology, Facial Aesthetics and Cosmetic Dentistry.

Dr. Chirag has completed his advanced studies in “Cancer Surgery” from University Medical Centre of Netherlands, Europe. His further progress concentrates in “Salivary Organ Sialography” from University of Switzerland at Geneva. Dr Chirag Chamria is a Specialist in surgical planning of most cases related to Oral and Maxillofacial surgery and Dentistry.

Dr. Chamria actively participates in oral surgery research and teaching, visiting conferences and seminars to keep current. His devotion to remain at the forefront of his industry guarantees that his patients get the best care and the latest treatment choices.

Patients and colleagues praise Dr. Chamria’s oral surgery and trauma skills. He tailors treatment to each patient’s requirements using his surgical talents and compassion. Dr. Chamria’s patients may trust him for small or complicated face fractures.

Here’s another episode of Know More About Oral Health by Dr. Chirag Chamria, Oral & Maxillofacial Surgeon – Royal Dental Clinics, Mumbai.

Treatment Options by Oral Surgeon

Oral surgeons employ various treatment options and procedures to address traumatic dental injuries effectively. The specific treatment plan depends on the nature and severity of the injury. Here are some common treatment options and procedures performed by oral surgeons:

Soft tissue repair

In cases of lacerations or tears to the lips, cheeks, or tongue, an oral surgeon can suture the soft tissues to promote healing and prevent infection. Depending on the severity of the injury, additional measures such as antibiotics or pain management may be prescribed.

Dental implant placement

In cases where a tooth cannot be re-implanted or is severely damaged, an oral surgeon may recommend dental implant placement. Dental implants are a long-term solution for replacing missing teeth, providing stability and functionality similar to natural teeth.

Reduction and fixation of jaw fractures

For fractured jaws or facial bones, an oral surgeon may perform reduction and fixation procedures. This involves aligning the fractured segments of the bone and securing them in place with plates, screws, or wires. Fixation allows for proper healing and realignment of the bone structures.

Re-implantation of a knocked-out tooth

When a tooth is knocked out, an oral surgeon can attempt to re-implant it. The success of re-implantation depends on factors such as the duration of tooth avulsion, the patient’s age, and the condition of the tooth. The oral surgeon carefully cleans and repositions the tooth, stabilising it with splints or wires to facilitate healing.

Benefits of early intervention and timely treatment

  1. Tooth Preservation: Early action may save a broken or displaced tooth. The dentist or oral surgeon can relocate, stabilize, or salvage the tooth if they intervene quickly. Delaying treatment increases the risk of tooth loss.
  2. Reduced Risk of Infection: Dental trauma can create open pathways for bacteria to enter the inner layers of the tooth. Timely treatment, such as root canal therapy or sealing fractured teeth, can prevent infection and the development of painful abscesses.
  3. Preventing Secondary Complications: Untreated dental trauma can lead to a chain reaction of issues. For example, a misaligned tooth can cause an improper bite, which may lead to TMJ problems and further discomfort. Early intervention helps address the primary problem before it cascades into additional complications.
  4. Minimizing Pain and Discomfort: Dental trauma is terrible. Early therapy relieves pain and tackles the source, enhancing the patient’s comfort and quality of life.
  5. Promoting Healing and Recovery: Patients may speed recovery by responding quickly. Dental specialists can give the greatest treatment to help broken teeth and tissues heal.


In conclusion, seeking an oral surgeon after experiencing oral trauma is of utmost importance. The urgency lies in preserving the health and functionality of your teeth and mouth, as well as preventing potential long-term complications. Dr. Chirag Chamria’s insights highlight the significance of immediate care and empower individuals with the knowledge to make informed decisions in times of dental emergencies. Understanding the role of an oral surgeon in traumatic dental injuries is essential. Dr. Chirag Chamria’s expertise in oral surgery and trauma cases is a testament to his commitment to excellence in patient care. His extensive training, ongoing pursuit of knowledge, and compassionate approach ensure that patients receive personalized care tailored to their unique needs.

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Issued in public interest

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