Parkinsons is a central nervous system disorder which affects movements that include tremors. When the nerve cells or neurons in an area of the brain impaired it leads to parkinsons disease. The neurons produce a chemical known as dopamine and when these neurons die or become impaired they produce less dopamine which causes movement problems such as stiffness or slowing of movements. Symptoms start gradually but both men and women equally affected. Does Parkinson’s really have an effect on dental health?
Symptoms of Parkinsons on dental health:
Oral health is one of the important aspects for the overall well being of a person. Poor oral health is common in parkinsons patient. Symptoms include increased prevalence of gingivitis, dental caries, periodontal diseases, xerostomia, orofacial pain, burning mouth syndrome.
Dental Caries in parkinsons:
There is difficulty in maintaining oral hygiene due to factors such as motor impairment, apathy, depression and dementia. Due to this the food which, not cleaned properly which in turn provides nutrition for bacteria leading to decay.
Dry mouth for dental health:
It is one of the most common side effects in patients withparkinsons. This is due to drugs used for treating Parkinson’s. Example: antidepressants, antipsychotics, anticholinergics, beta-blockers and anti
Burning Mouth Syndrome in Parkinson’s:
Its characterized by painful intra oral sensation of burning. Therefore, trigger factors include anxiety, depression, stress which most commonly seen in parkinsons patients. Hence, Treatment by drug therapy with antidepressants , clonazepam may provide relief from burning mouth syndrome. Psychotherapy may also aid in relieving burning mouth syndrome symptoms.
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Masticatory disorders in dental health:
Swallowing, jaw movements impairment, reduced movement of tongue and jaw in turn hampering chewing process and swallowing. Self-cleaning action of tongue also hampered causing dental disease like gingivitis, periodontitis and tooth decay.
Taste impairment in Parkinsons:
Also Sense of taste may altered by central nervous system degeneration, depression, reduced saliva secretion, poor oral health, medication. These disorders often neglected by patients and their care takers. Hence, Their physician and dentist should be aware of parkinsons patients dental needs and emphasis should given on frequent dental visits to avoid some of these complications.
𝙎𝙚𝙧𝙫𝙞𝙣𝙜 𝙔𝙤𝙪 𝙏𝙝𝙚 𝙍𝙞𝙜𝙝𝙩 𝙒𝙖𝙮 | 𝙒𝙝𝙚𝙧𝙚 𝙋𝙚𝙧𝙛𝙚𝙘𝙩𝙞𝙤𝙣 𝙈𝙚𝙚𝙩𝙨 𝘾𝙤𝙣𝙛𝙞𝙙𝙚𝙣𝙘𝙚