Open bite is a condition where there is little or no contact between anterior or posterior teeth. Although It is one of the most commonly found malocclusion dental concerns. It can either be skeletal or dental. A dental bite can easily be corrected by orthodontic braces, Occlusal rehabilitation or by using myofunctional appliances. A Skeletal bite may require Orthognathic surgical intervention.
What are the causes of an open bite?
Thumb or pacifier sucking can strain the alignment of teeth.
Tongue thrusting occurs when a person speaks or swallows and pushes their tongue between their upper and lower front teeth.
TMJ disorders cause chronic jaw pain which makes the tongue to push their teeth apart and comfortably reposition their jaw.
Skeletal problem such as opposing teeth growing parallel to each other (mainly influenced by genetics).
Why treating an open bite is important?
A person with this issue may be unhappy with the appearance of their teeth and lack confidence in social gatherings.
Eating is a major concern for open bites as it prevents you from properly biting and chewing on food.
As the back teeth are coming together more often, the wear and tear can lead to discomfort and other dental problems including fractured teeth.
An open bite can interfere with speech and pronunciation leading to verbal defects. People may develop lisping.
What are the types of open bite?
An anterior open bite occurs when the front teeth in the lower and upper jaws fail to overlap on a completed bite. This condition mostly affects all the front teeth. Most patients with this condition will mostly need corrective treatments.
Posterior Open Bite is the opposite of the anterior open bite. This occurs when you have teeth not touching at the back. During biting, the teeth at the back do not touch the lower ones. Most patients with this condition will mostly need cosmetic treatments.
Why occlusal rehabilitation for open bite correction?
Occlusal rehabilitation is one of the most common treatment options practiced for correction of open bite. It is selective grinding of teeth for adjusting occlusion. And for efficient chewing of food without hampering the masticatory function of an individual. According to the BULL’s law, upper of buccal and lingual of lower cusps. The functional cusps which are to spared during occlusal grinding. Hence non-functional cusps grinded in order to correct mild cases of open bite’s.
Royal Dental Clinics has heavily invested in latest dental technologies from across the globe. This aids in understanding patient dental concerns on a platform which gives comprehensive measures to help diagnosing the best solution possible. Digital planning protocol allows for patient’s facial and dental structures videography and digital technology.
As per Dr. Chirag Chamria, Oral & Maxillofacial Surgeon at Royal Dental Clinics, “For us, excellence is our constant pursuit. Patients want immediate results & are no longer ready to hold back for days to restore their smile. We strive for nothing less than the mastery of this medium in which we have chosen to craft.”
An open bite is treatable at any age, but it’s much easier and less painful to treat when adult teeth aren’t fully grown in.