Tongue is one of the vital sensory organs which plays an important role from eating to speaking. It provides a nidus for food debris, bacteria, and contaminants. When tongue is not cleaned properly it can cause bad breadth, tooth decay, lesions etc. There seems to be a direct relation between your tongue and oral health.
Let’s look into some common and some not so common oral health relation with your tongue!
White coating on Tongue:
Oral Thrush or Candidiasis: Its caused by a yeast called Candida Albicans. White layer over the tongue resembles a cottage cheese. Most commonly seen in infants, denture wearers and people with weak immunity. This seen in patients with diabetes, or who are under steroid treatment. Long term antibiotic use may cause Oral Thrush in few patients.
Leukoplakia: In this condition there a white patch on tongue that cannot be scrapped-off. It may be a pre-cancerous lesion. Advanced forms may develop red patches which are a matter of clinical concern.
Oral Lichen Planus: It presents as interlacing network of raised white lines on it. Clinically, not of much significance and should be kept under observation only.
Red Tongue, associated with burning mouth in oral health:
Vitamin Deficiency: Folic acid and Vit B12 deficiency cause red lesions on it. Screening by blood test will help determine their levels.
Geographic tongue’s: It is an inflammatory disorder. The affected tongue presents a bald, reddish area that surrounded by an irregular white border. The appearance results from loss of papilla.
- Scarlet Fever: It is an infection of the tongue which gives a strawberry like appearance, caused by bacteria known as Streptococus pyogens. Antibiotics are helpful in treating the infection.
- Kawasaki Disease: It is seen in children under the age of 5 years. It is a condition in which the tongue presents with a strawberry like appearance.
- Hypothyroidism: Enlarged tongue with indentation on the lateral surface is indicative of a thyroid gland dysfunction.
- Ulcerations: Ulcers are most common due to a tongue bite. An ulcer should heal within 2 weeks. If any ulcer remains for greater than 2 weeks then a further investigation is needed. Watch the video to know more about oral ulcers.
- Tongue Piercing: More common in certain cultures. It leads to greater wear and tear of the natural tooth. There is a higher chance of tooth breakage.
𝙎𝙚𝙧𝙫𝙞𝙣𝙜 𝙔𝙤𝙪 𝙏𝙝𝙚 𝙍𝙞𝙜𝙝𝙩 𝙒𝙖𝙮 | 𝙒𝙝𝙚𝙧𝙚 𝙋𝙚𝙧𝙛𝙚𝙘𝙩𝙞𝙤𝙣 𝙈𝙚𝙚𝙩𝙨 𝘾𝙤𝙣𝙛𝙞𝙙𝙚𝙣𝙘𝙚