Cosmetic dental treatment includes a dental procedure which involves reshaping the patient’s teeth and gums for an aesthetic natural smile beautification. It includes consideration of teeth shape, size, colour, contours of gums and overall patient’s confidence with smile beautification. There are various methods for designing a smile. It depends on individual to individual on the basis of study history which procedure would be suitable
Following procedures are a part of cosmetic dental treatment:
- Scaling and polishing
Naturally aligned teeth when stained with beverages show brown spots which can be easily removed by oral prophylaxis method or scaling and polishing.
- Teeth whitening
It is a procedure to bleach the teeth in order to remove discolouration or staining and to whiten the teeth. It can be carried out in the dental office or at home. Teeth whitening provides one or two shades lighter.
- Light cure fillings
These fillings adhere to the tooth according to the shade of the natural tooth. This procedure can be used for cosmetic restorations, minor cavities or repair of mild fracture or chipped off a tooth. There are many shades available so it becomes very easy to merge the filling with a natural tooth.
Veneers are things customized shells of tooth-coloured material which fit over the front surface of the teeth. They are designed in different sizes, shape, length and colour. They are used to treat mala lunged, crooked, chipped, discoloured teeth and to close gaps or spaces especially in anterior.
- Crowns and Bridges
These are fabricated with acrylic or porcelain fused to metal. Newer advances include metal-free ceramics, HIPC. Crowns and bridges can be used in poorly shaped teeth, broken, deeply carious teeth after root canal treatments. They are also used to close large interproximal spaces to correct crowding of teeth and in teeth which do not support large fillings.
- Dental implants
It is a cosmetic dental procedure which involves replacing the missing teeth. Implants are made of titanium metal rod and are placed in the jaw bone replacing the Missing tooth and its counter portion is designed for placement of crowns, bridges or dentures. They are biocompatible.
- Cosmetic contouring
It is a painfree procedure which involves shaping of enamel for aesthetic purpose. A minimal amount of enamel is grinded according to the designed smile. It is a single sitting procedure involving less amount of time.
- Orthodontic correction
This includes the alignment of teeth with the help of wires and brackets. This treatment takes a long time as there is a slow movement of the teeth in order to get the designed teeth arrangement. It is suitable for kids above 12 years and adults.Not everyone requires the above cosmetic procedures for smile enhancement. Hence one should consult the dentist for an appropriate cosmetic procedure.