Dental implantation is a great way to replace missing tooth or teeth and provide a permanent option. A titanium screw fixed into the bone around which the bone forms and the implant gets fused to the jaw bone. Over a period of time crown resembling a natural tooth then replaced over it.
Dental implantation have a high success rate but about 5-10 % of dental implants fail shortly after a procedure months or years later.
To Avoid such conditions one should take adequate care of this fixed prosthesis in their mouth.
Its reported that 5years survival rate of implant supported overdentures was 92% and 5years survival rate of implant supported fixed reconstruction 95%.
Before planning for dental implants oral cavity should be free from periodontal disease. If the implants placed in periodontally affected sites there are higher chances of acquiring perimucositis and periimplantitis.
Thus its important to know the potential risk so that required steps taken prior to the implant surgery. This includes follow up with the dentist for any gum or bone problem. Practicing good oral hygiene before and after surgery and controlling of habits.
Immediately after your dental implantation surgery there are a few signs that a patient may observe. These signs are minimal but of utmost importance. Few signs and their management enlisted below:
- Bleeding- Minor bleeding expected after implant surgery. To stop bleeding a compression method done using two damp gauze pieces. Gently bite for 30-60 minutes on the folded damp gauze and rest with your head elevated. If the bleeding doesn’t stop place the gauze for another 30 minutes. If the bleeding continues consult your dentist. Pink or blood tinged saliva seen for 2-3 days which does not indicate a problem.
- Swelling- Body’s normal reaction to surgery and healing is swelling. One may observe swelling after surgery for 3-4 days, it may subside within 7-10 days. Applying ice pack in the first 24 hours can help in reducing the swelling.
- Medications- Post operative medications are necessary for reducing pain and secondary infection at the surgical site. One should strictly take all the medications as guided by your dentist for a quick healing. Antibacterial mouth rinse is of great help in the first two weeks to maintain oral hygiene.
- Diet- After the anesthetic effect wears off one should avoid eating hard, very hot, spicy and sour food for a week. Eating from the opposite side from the surgical site is advised. Semisolid food should be consumed.
- Do not pull or cut or fidget with the sutures given.
To maintain the durability of your dental implantation one should follow these protocols.
1 Oral hygiene practices- one should maintain oral hygiene by brushing and cleaning your mouth thoroughly after each meal beginning the day after surgery. Luke warm water salt gargles from the next day may help in reducing the swelling. Use a soft bristle tooth brush.
2 Habits- Though titanium has high fracture resistance, habits such as bruxism, chewing tobacco negatively affect the life span of implant.
3 General oral health and lifestyle- patients who smoke are at a higher risk of implant failure than non-smokers.
Thus, dental implants are an excellent treatment modality for replacement of missing teeth and can last longer for many years if due consideration is given on the above mentioned factors.